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Toward Fast Pyrolysis-Based Biorefinery: Selective Production of Platform Chemicals from Biomass by Organosolv Fractionation Coupled with Fast Pyrolysis
Zheng, Anqing1,2,3; Chen, Tianju4; Sun, Jiangwei5; Jiang, Liqun1,2,3; Wu, Jinhu4; Zhao, Zenzli1,2,3; Huang, Zhen1,2,3; Zhao, Kun1,2,3; Wei, Guoqiang1,2,3; He, Fang1,2,3; Li, Haibin1,2,3
2017-08-01
Source PublicationACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING
Volume5Issue:8Pages:6507-6516
AbstractThe heterogeneous structure of biomass causes the complex compositions of bio-oil, thereby posing huge challenges for the extraction of value-added chemicals from bio-oil and the catalytic upgrading of bio-oil in existing petroleum-refining infrastructures. In order to overcome these challenges, a new advanced biorefinery based on organosolv fractionation coupled with fast pyrolysis is first proposed. The experimental results showed that biomass can be effectively divided into cellulose-rich fractions, organosolv lignins, and xylose by organosolv fractionation, thus improving the relative yields of platform chemicals (levoglucosan (LG) and phenols) in subsequent fast pyrolysis. The relative LG yields from eucalyptus, pine, and bagasse increased from 4.8, 3.5, and 2.1 wt % to 42.1, 22.7, and 59.8 wt %, respectively. These findings provide a simple and efficient integrated process to selective production of platform chemicals, which is different from the existing processes, e.g. catalytic fast pyrolysis and postpyrolysis separation. In addition, the fast pyrolysis of acid-passivated cellulose-rich fractions with varying cellulose contents revealed that the LG yields were linearly related to the cellulose contents of feedstocks, and the gap between actual and theoretical yields of LG decreased with increasing cellulose contents of feedstocks, suggesting that the interactions between cellulose and other components (lignin and hemicellulose) were the main controlling factor of LG yields from pyrolysis of acid-passivated cellulose-rich fractions.
SubtypeArticle
KeywordBiorefinery Biomass Platform Chemicals Organosolv Fractionation Fast Pyrolysis
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences ; Technology
DOI10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b00622
WOS Subject ExtendedChemistry ; Engineering
WOS KeywordCATALYTIC FAST PYROLYSIS ; FLUIDIZED-BED REACTOR ; OF-THE-ART ; LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOMASS ; BIO-OIL ; ENZYMATIC-HYDROLYSIS ; WHEAT-STRAW ; CELLULOSE-HEMICELLULOSE ; LIGNIN ; PRETREATMENT
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(21406227 ; Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, China(2014A030313672) ; Science and Technology Planning Project of Guangdong Province, China(2014B020216004 ; Foundation of Key Laboratory of Biofuels, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences(CASKLB201508) ; 51376186) ; 2015A020215024)
WOS SubjectChemistry, Multidisciplinary ; Engineering, Chemical
WOS IDWOS:000407410900018
Citation statistics
Cited Times:7[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.giec.ac.cn/handle/344007/16291
Collection中国科学院广州能源研究所
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Guangzhou Inst Energy Convers, Guangzhou 510640, Guangdong, Peoples R China
2.CAS Key Lab Renewable Energy, Guangzhou 510640, Guangdong, Peoples R China
3.Guangdong Key Lab New & Renewable Energy Res & De, Guangzhou 510640, Guangdong, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Qingdao Inst Bioenergy & Bioproc Technol, Key Lab Biofuels, Qingdao 266101, Peoples R China
5.Univ Sci & Technol China, Dept Thermal Sci & Energy Engn, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationGuangZhou Institute of Energy Conversion,Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zheng, Anqing,Chen, Tianju,Sun, Jiangwei,et al. Toward Fast Pyrolysis-Based Biorefinery: Selective Production of Platform Chemicals from Biomass by Organosolv Fractionation Coupled with Fast Pyrolysis[J]. ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING,2017,5(8):6507-6516.
APA Zheng, Anqing.,Chen, Tianju.,Sun, Jiangwei.,Jiang, Liqun.,Wu, Jinhu.,...&Li, Haibin.(2017).Toward Fast Pyrolysis-Based Biorefinery: Selective Production of Platform Chemicals from Biomass by Organosolv Fractionation Coupled with Fast Pyrolysis.ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING,5(8),6507-6516.
MLA Zheng, Anqing,et al."Toward Fast Pyrolysis-Based Biorefinery: Selective Production of Platform Chemicals from Biomass by Organosolv Fractionation Coupled with Fast Pyrolysis".ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING 5.8(2017):6507-6516.
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