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Allyl cyanide as a new functional additive in propylene carbonate-based electrolyte for lithium-ion batteries
Yong, Tianqiao1,2; Wang, Jinglun1; Mai, Yongjin1; Tang, Daoping1; Zhang, Lingzhi1
2013-08-01
Source PublicationIONICS
Volume19Issue:8Pages:1099-1103
AbstractAllyl cyanide (AC) was investigated as a film-forming additive in propylene carbonate (PC)-based electrolytes for graphite anode in lithium-ion batteries. The film-forming behavior of AC was characterized with cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. By adding 2 wt% AC in the electrolyte of 1 M LiPF6-PC/DMC (1:1, in vol), the exfoliation of graphite anode was effectively suppressed over cycling. Graphite/Li half-cell showed an initial coulombic efficiency of 75 % and a specific capacity of 300 mAh/g after 48 cycles. A possible reductive polymerization mechanism of AC on the surface of graphite was proposed.
SubtypeArticle
KeywordLithium-ion Battery Propylene Carbonate Additive Solid Electrolyte Interphase
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences
DOI10.1007/s11581-013-0844-y
WOS Subject ExtendedChemistry ; Electrochemistry ; Physics
WOS KeywordELEVATED-TEMPERATURE PERFORMANCE ; PC-BASED ELECTROLYTES ; LIQUID ELECTROLYTES ; GRAPHITE ; DECOMPOSITION ; SURFACE ; ANODE
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS SubjectChemistry, Physical ; Electrochemistry ; Physics, Condensed Matter
WOS IDWOS:000322371300004
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.giec.ac.cn/handle/344007/9162
Collection中国科学院广州能源研究所
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Guangzhou Inst Energy Convers, Guangzhou 510640, Guangdong, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100039, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationGuangZhou Institute of Energy Conversion,Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yong, Tianqiao,Wang, Jinglun,Mai, Yongjin,et al. Allyl cyanide as a new functional additive in propylene carbonate-based electrolyte for lithium-ion batteries[J]. IONICS,2013,19(8):1099-1103.
APA Yong, Tianqiao,Wang, Jinglun,Mai, Yongjin,Tang, Daoping,&Zhang, Lingzhi.(2013).Allyl cyanide as a new functional additive in propylene carbonate-based electrolyte for lithium-ion batteries.IONICS,19(8),1099-1103.
MLA Yong, Tianqiao,et al."Allyl cyanide as a new functional additive in propylene carbonate-based electrolyte for lithium-ion batteries".IONICS 19.8(2013):1099-1103.
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