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Improving the low temperature flow properties of palm oil biodiesel: Addition of cold flow improver
Lv, Pengmei1; Cheng, Yufeng1,2; Yang, Lingmei1; Yuan, Zhenhong1; Li, Huiwen1; Luo, Wen1
2013-06-01
Source PublicationFUEL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY
Volume110Pages:61-64
AbstractPalm methyl ester (PME) was prepared using an alkali-catalyzed transesterification reaction, and its cold flow properties (CFP) were studied. Commercial DEP (trade name) and polyglycerol ester (PGE), and self-made PA (given name by our laboratory researchers), were used as cold flow improvers (CFIs) to improve the CFP of the biodiesel, and the effects of these CFIs on the CFP of PME were investigated. The results showed that the peak crystallization temperature of PME was very close to the cold filter plug point (CFPP). There was no unique linear relationship between the CFPP and the content of saturated fatty acid methyl esters. When used individually as CFIs, DEP, PGE and PA exerted only moderate pour point depression effects on the biodiesel, and effects to decrease the CFPP of PME were only observed when the CFI concentration was 1% or higher. Compared with single-compound CFIs and CFIs formulated from two components, at a specified complex formulation ratio, CFIs formulated from three components exhibited the best performance. When the ratio of DEP:PGE:PA was 3:1:1 or 2:2:1, the CFPP of PME was decreased by 7 degrees C. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
SubtypeArticle
KeywordPalm Oil Methyl Ester Cold Flow Properties Crystallization Behavior Cold Flow Improver Complex Formulation
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences ; Technology
DOI10.1016/j.fuproc.2012.12.014
WOS Subject ExtendedChemistry ; Energy & Fuels ; Engineering
WOS KeywordSOYBEAN BIODIESEL ; FUEL PROPERTIES ; METHYL-ESTERS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS SubjectChemistry, Applied ; Energy & Fuels ; Engineering, Chemical
WOS IDWOS:000316586800008
Citation statistics
Cited Times:32[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.giec.ac.cn/handle/344007/9147
Collection中国科学院广州能源研究所
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Guangzhou Inst Energy Convers, Key Lab Renewable Energy & Gas Hydrate, Guangzhou 510640, Guangdong, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationGuangZhou Institute of Energy Conversion,Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Lv, Pengmei,Cheng, Yufeng,Yang, Lingmei,et al. Improving the low temperature flow properties of palm oil biodiesel: Addition of cold flow improver[J]. FUEL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY,2013,110:61-64.
APA Lv, Pengmei,Cheng, Yufeng,Yang, Lingmei,Yuan, Zhenhong,Li, Huiwen,&Luo, Wen.(2013).Improving the low temperature flow properties of palm oil biodiesel: Addition of cold flow improver.FUEL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY,110,61-64.
MLA Lv, Pengmei,et al."Improving the low temperature flow properties of palm oil biodiesel: Addition of cold flow improver".FUEL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY 110(2013):61-64.
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