Su Ming1; Sha Zhibin2; Zhang Cuimei3; Wang Hongbin2; Wu Nengyou4; Yang Rui1; Liang Jinqiang2; Qiao Shaohua1; Cong Xiaorong1; Liu Jie1
Source Publicationactageologicasinica
AbstractThe first marine gas hydrate expedition in China has been conducted by Guangzhou Marine Geological Survey in the Shenhu Area, northern continental slope of the South China Sea. Previous study has analyzed the P-T conditions, geophysical anomalies and saturation calculations of these gas hydrates, but has not documented in detail the migration of gas-bearing fluids in the study area. Based on the interpretations of 2D/3D seismic data, this work identified two types of migration pathways for gas-bearing fluids in the Shenhu area, i.e., vertical and lateral pathways. The vertical pathways(largescale faults, gas chimneys and mud diapirs) presented as steep seismic reflection anomalies, which could be traced downward to the Eocene source rocks and may penetrate into the Late Miocene strata. The deeper gases/fluids might be allowed migrating into the shallower strata through these vertical conduits. However, the distributions showed distinct differences between these pathways. Large-scale faults developed only in the north and northeast of the Shenhu area, while in the drilling area gas chimneys were the sole vertical migration pathways. Since the Pliocene, normal faults, detachment faults and favorable sediments have constituted the lateral pathways in the Shenhu gas hydrate drilling area. Although these lateral pathways were connected with gas chimneys, they exerted different effects on hydrate formation and accumulation. Gas-bearing fluids migrated upward along gas chimneys might further migrate laterally because of the normal faults, thereby enlarging the range of the chimneys. Linking gas chimneys with the seafloor, the detachment faults might act as conduits for escaping gases/fluids. Re-deposited sediments developed at the early stage of the Quaternary were located within the gas hydrate stability zone, so hydrates would be enriched in these favorable sediments. Compared with the migration pathways(large-scale faults and mud diapirs) in the LW3-1 deep-sea oil/gas field, the migration efficiency of the vertical pathways(composed of gas chimneys) in the gas hydrate drilling area might be relatively low. Description and qualitative discrimination of migration pathways in the Shenhu gas hydrate drilling area are helpful to further understand the relationship between good-quality deep source rocks and shallow, mainly biogenicallyproduced, hydrates. As the main source rocks of the Baiyun sag, lacustrine mudstones in the Wenchang and Enping Formations may provide thermogenic methane. Gas chimneys with relatively low migration efficiency created the vertical pathways. Caused by the Dongsha tectonic movement, the release of overpressured fluids might reduce the vertical migration rates of the thermogenic methane. The thick bathyal/abyssal fine-grained sediments since the Late Miocene provided migration media with low permeability. These preconditions may cause carbon isotopic fractionation ofthermogenic methane during long-distance vertical migrations. Therefore, although geochemical analyses indicate that the methane forming gas hydrate in the Shenhu area was mainly produced biogenically, or was mixed methane primarily of microbial origin, thermogenic methane still contribute significantly.
Document Type期刊论文
4.Key Laboratory of Gas Hydrate, Ministry of Land and Resources
First Author AffilicationGuangZhou Institute of Energy Conversion,Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Su Ming,Sha Zhibin,Zhang Cuimei,et al. typescharacteristicsandsignificancesofmigratingpathwaysofgasbearingfluidsintheshenhuareanortherncontinentalslopeofthesouthchinasea[J]. actageologicasinica,2017,091(001):219.
APA Su Ming.,Sha Zhibin.,Zhang Cuimei.,Wang Hongbin.,Wu Nengyou.,...&Liu Jie.(2017).typescharacteristicsandsignificancesofmigratingpathwaysofgasbearingfluidsintheshenhuareanortherncontinentalslopeofthesouthchinasea.actageologicasinica,091(001),219.
MLA Su Ming,et al."typescharacteristicsandsignificancesofmigratingpathwaysofgasbearingfluidsintheshenhuareanortherncontinentalslopeofthesouthchinasea".actageologicasinica 091.001(2017):219.
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