Zhang Mei1; Lu Hongfeng2; Guan Hongxiang1; Liu Lihua1; Wu Daidai1; Wu Nengyou3
Source Publicationactaoceanologicasinica
AbstractThe northern slope of the South China Sea is a gas-hydrate-bearing region related to a high deposition rate of organic-rich sediments co-occurring with intense methanogenesis in subseafloor environments. Anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) coupled with bacterial sulfate reduction results in the precipitation of solid phase minerals in seepage sediment, including pyrite and gypsum. Abundant aggregates of pyrites and gypsums are observed between the depth of 667 and 850 cm below the seafloor (cmbsf) in the entire core sediment of HS328 from the northern South China Sea. Most pyrites are tubes consisting of framboidal cores and outer crusts. Gypsum aggregates occur as rosettes and spheroids consisting of plates. Some of them grow over pyrite, indicating that gypsum precipitation postdates pyrite formation. The sulfur isotopic values (delta S-34) of pyrite vary greatly (from-46.6aEuro degrees to-12.3aEuro degrees V-CDT) and increase with depth. Thus, the pyrite in the shallow sediments resulted from organoclastic sulfate reduction (OSR) and is influenced by AOM with depth. The relative high abundance and delta S-34 values of pyrite in sediments at depths from 580 to 810 cmbsf indicate that this interval is the location of a paleo-sulfate methane transition zone (SMTZ). The sulfur isotopic composition of gypsum (from-25aEuro degrees to-20.7aEuro degrees) is much lower than that of the seawater sulfate, indicating the existence of a S-34-depletion source of sulfur species that most likely are products of the oxidation of pyrites formed in OSR. Pyrite oxidation is controlled by ambient electron acceptors such as MnO2, iron (III) and oxygen driven by the SMTZ location shift to great depths. The delta S-34 values of gypsum at greater depth are lower than those of the associated pyrite, revealing downward diffusion of S-34-depleted sulfate from the mixture of oxidation of pyrite derived by OSR and the seawater sulfate. These sulfates also lead to an increase of calcium ions from the dissolution of calcium carbonate mineral, which will be favor to the formation of gypsum. Overall, the mineralogy and sulfur isotopic composition of the pyrite and gypsum suggest variable redox conditions caused by reduced seepage intensities, and the pyrite and gypsum can be a recorder of the intensity evolution of methane seepage.
Funding Project[Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology] ; [National Natural Science Foundation of China] ; [China National Petroleum Corporation] ; [Chinese Academic of Sciences]
Document Type期刊论文
First Author AffilicationGuangZhou Institute of Energy Conversion,Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang Mei,Lu Hongfeng,Guan Hongxiang,et al. methaneseepageintensitiestracedbysulfurisotopesofpyriteandgypsuminsedimentfromtheshenhuareasouthchinasea[J]. actaoceanologicasinica,2018,37(7):20.
APA Zhang Mei,Lu Hongfeng,Guan Hongxiang,Liu Lihua,Wu Daidai,&Wu Nengyou.(2018).methaneseepageintensitiestracedbysulfurisotopesofpyriteandgypsuminsedimentfromtheshenhuareasouthchinasea.actaoceanologicasinica,37(7),20.
MLA Zhang Mei,et al."methaneseepageintensitiestracedbysulfurisotopesofpyriteandgypsuminsedimentfromtheshenhuareasouthchinasea".actaoceanologicasinica 37.7(2018):20.
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