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杂交狼尾草厌氧发酵的物质与能量转化率分析
其他题名Material and energy conversion efficiency of anaerobic fermentation process of Penisetum hybrid for biogas
甄峰1,2,3; 孙永明1,2,3; 孔晓英1,2,3; 牛红志1,2,3
2017-10
发表期刊农业工程学报
ISSN1002-6819
卷号33期号:19页码:236-241
摘要为了解厌氧发酵过程中的C、N元素流动状况以及物质和能量的转化利用效率,以杂交狼尾草为原料,采用中温(35±1)℃批式厌氧发酵工艺,研究了杂交狼尾草厌氧发酵制备沼气的产气性能,在此基础上结合物质流分析方法分析了发酵过程中C、N元素的分布情况以及物质与能量的转化率。研究结果表明:C/N 167和25下,杂交狼尾草鲜料的VS(挥发性固体)产气量分别为280.02和242.33 m L/g,其中CH4体积分数分别为59.96%和61.46%;C/N 137和25下,青贮料的VS产气量分别为327.02和295.43 m L/g,其中CH4体积分数分别为58.49%和61.05%;C元素的流向分布:沼气33.1%,发酵液8.0%,发酵渣58.9%;N元素主要流入剩余物中:发酵液69.4%,发酵渣30.7%。杂交狼尾草厌氧发酵制备沼气的物质转化率和能量转化率分别为42.1%和33.1%。该研究为能源草本植物的资源管理和厌氧能源化利用提供了理论依据。
其他摘要Energy grass, as the second generation of new energy crop, has a bright development prospect. Hybrid penisetum was selected as the raw material. Silage is a well-developed technology, which can preserve the nutrient component to a large extent. Ensiling is a process in which water-solution carbohydrates (WSC) are converted into lactic acid by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in anaerobic condition. We investigated the physicochemical characteristics of silage grass raw material, and explored the biogas production performances by laboratory batch anaerobic digestion at mesophilic temperature (35±1)℃. The results showed that the biogas production of silage grass with the C/N ratios of 137 and 25 (adjusted by urea and ammonium bicarbonate) was 327.02 and 295.43 mL/g respectively, and the corresponding methane content (volume fraction) was 58.49% and 61.05%, while the biogas production of untreated energy grass was 280.02 and 242.33 mL/g, and the methane was 59.96% and 61.46%, respectively. The volatile solid (VS) removal rate of substrate was in the range of 51.68%-57.56%, and it mainly attributed to the degradation of cellulose and hemicellulose. Therefore, the energy grass with high cellulose and hemicellulose content should be selected as the feedstock in the development of energy grass biogas project. In addition, lignin, and organic matter difficult to degrade should be used to enhance the comprehensive benefits of energy grass biogas project. We also established an open material flow analysis system by the anaerobic digestion of silage grass in the LAB-2 500 mL reactor and analyzed the distribution of carbon and nitrogen elements in different material throughout all the digestion process. According to the material flow analysis of silage grass in the anaerobic digestion process, 33.1% and 8% carbon in the raw material entered into the biogas and fermentation broth, respectively, and the other was still in the raw material. The distribution of nitrogen was that 69.4% was in the fermentation broth, and 30.7% was still in the raw material. Moreover, according to the energy flow analysis of silage grass in the anaerobic digestion process, the energy yield of 33.1% entered into the biogas, while the energy yield of 61.3% was still unused in the raw material. The mass conversion rate of energy biomass was low, 60% carbon, 80% nitrogen and 60% energy were still in the digestion residue. Therefore, the use of carbon and nitrogen elements in the energy grass biomass was greatly important in the anaerobic digestion process, and it can be beneficial to improve the efficiency of energy grass biogas project in the future. This study provides a reference for the development and utilization of different energy grasses.
关键词甲烷 发酵 沼气 杂交狼尾草 物质流分析 物质与能量转化率 methane fermentation biogas Penisetum hybrid material flow analysis material and energy conversion efficiency
DOI10.11975/j.issn.1002-6819.2017.19.031
语种中文
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.giec.ac.cn/handle/344007/16719
专题中国科学院广州能源研究所
通讯作者孔晓英
作者单位1.中国科学院广州能源研究所,广州510640;
2.中国科学院可再生能源重点实验室,广州510640;
3.广东省新能源和可再生能源研究开发与应用重点实验室,广州510640
第一作者单位中国科学院广州能源研究所
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甄峰,孙永明,孔晓英,等. 杂交狼尾草厌氧发酵的物质与能量转化率分析[J]. 农业工程学报,2017,33(19):236-241.
APA 甄峰,孙永明,孔晓英,&牛红志.(2017).杂交狼尾草厌氧发酵的物质与能量转化率分析.农业工程学报,33(19),236-241.
MLA 甄峰,et al."杂交狼尾草厌氧发酵的物质与能量转化率分析".农业工程学报 33.19(2017):236-241.
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