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利用皮状丝孢酵母对甘蔗渣酶解液产油脂的研究
Alternative TitleOil Production from Enzymatic Hydrolysate of Sugarcane Bagasse by Trichosporon Cutaneum
尚常花1,3; 王闻1; 朱顺妮1; 秦磊1; 王忠铭1; 袁振宏1,2; 谢君3
2017-07
Source Publication中国粮油学报
ISSN1003-0174
Volume32Issue:7Pages:74-78
Abstract本试验旨在研究碱和高温液态水2种预处理方式对发酵的影响。甘蔗渣分别利用碱和高温液态水(LHW)预处理,然后使用纤维素酶进行酶解。在LHW和碱预处理后的酶解液中,分别含22.06和39.28∥L总糖。不经过浓缩,也不需要添加任何营养物质,酶解液被用于皮状丝孢酵母的油脂发酵试验。经过3d的培养,在LHw预处理的酶解液中,皮状丝孢酵母的生物量达到了8.08g/L,油脂质量分数为52.00%,油脂系数高达19.03%。在碱预处理的酶解液中,经过8d的培养,皮状丝孢酵母的生物量为13.67g/L,油脂质量分数为43.20%,油脂系数为15.03%。脂肪酸组成分析表明所产油脂与棕榈油的组成相似。试验结果表明,甘蔗渣是一种有前景的产油脂原料,LHW是一种良好的预处理方式。该研究为利用甘蔗渣发酵产油脂提供了新思路。
Other AbstractThe purpose of this paper aimed to study the effects of two kinds of pretreatment methods (base and liquid hot water) on the fermentation. Sugarcane bagasse was pretreated by base and liquid hot water (LHW), and then hydrolyzed with cellulase. The enzymatic hydrolysate contained 22.06 g/L and 39.28 g/L sugar respectively pretreated with LHW and base. Without concentration or adding other nutrients, the hydrolysate was used for lipid production using Trichosporon cutaneum. After 3 days, the biomass was 8.08 g/L with lipid content of 52.00% , lip- id coefficient of 19.03% when pretreated by LHW. After 8 days, the biomass was 13.67 g,/L with lipid content of 43.20%, lipid coefficient of 15.03% when pretreated by base. The fatty acid profile of this lipid was similar to that of palm oils. Therefore, sugarcane bagasse was a promising material for oil production, and LHW was a promising pretreated method. This study offered a new thinking for oil production using sugarcane bagasse.
Keyword皮状丝孢酵母 高温液态水 预处理 甘蔗渣 油脂 Trichosporon cutaneum, liquid hot water, base, pretreatment, sugarcane bagasse, lipid
Language中文
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.giec.ac.cn/handle/344007/16619
Collection中国科学院广州能源研究所
Corresponding Author袁振宏
Affiliation1.广东省新能源和可再生能源研究开发与应用重点实验室,中国科学院可再生能源重点实验室,中国科学院广州能源研究所,广州510640;
2.生物质能源河南省协同创新中心,郑州450002;
3.华南农业大学新能源与新材料研究所,农业部能源植物资源与利用重点实验室,广东省普通高等学校生物质能源重点实验室,广州510642
First Author AffilicationGuangZhou Institute of Energy Conversion,Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
尚常花,王闻,朱顺妮,等. 利用皮状丝孢酵母对甘蔗渣酶解液产油脂的研究[J]. 中国粮油学报,2017,32(7):74-78.
APA 尚常花.,王闻.,朱顺妮.,秦磊.,王忠铭.,...&谢君.(2017).利用皮状丝孢酵母对甘蔗渣酶解液产油脂的研究.中国粮油学报,32(7),74-78.
MLA 尚常花,et al."利用皮状丝孢酵母对甘蔗渣酶解液产油脂的研究".中国粮油学报 32.7(2017):74-78.
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