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Methane seepage in the Shenhu area of the northern South China Sea: constraints from carbonate chimneys
Guan, Hongxiang1; Zhang, Mei1; Mao, Shengyi1; Wu, Nengyou2; Lu, Hongfeng3; Chen, Duofu4
2016-06-01
Source PublicationGEO-MARINE LETTERS
Volume36Issue:3Pages:175-186
AbstractTwo authigenic carbonate chimneys were recovered from the Shenhu area in the northern South China Sea at approximately 400 m water depth. The chimneys' mineralogy, isotopic composition, and lipid biomarkers were studied to examine the biogeochemical process that induced the formation of the chimneys. The two chimneys are composed mostly of dolomite, whereas the internal conduits and semi-consolidated surrounding sediments are dominated by aragonite and calcite. The specific biomarker patterns (distribution of lipids and their depleted delta C-13 values) indicate the low occurrence of methanotrophic archaea ANME-1 responsible for the chimneys' formation via anaerobic oxidation of methane. A significant input of bacteria/planktonic algae and cyanobacteria to the carbon pool during the precipitation of the carbonate chimneys is suggested by the high contributions of short-chain n-alkanes (69% of total hydrocarbons) and long-chain n-alcohols (on average 56% of total alcohols). The oxygen isotopic compositions of the carbonate mixtures vary from 3.1aEuro degrees to 4.4aEuro degrees in the dolomite-rich chimneys, and from 2.1aEuro degrees to 2.5aEuro degrees in the internal conduits, which indicates that they were precipitated from seawater-derived pore waters during a long period covering the last glacial and interglacial cycles. In addition, the mixture of methane and bottom seawater dissolved inorganic carbon could be the carbon sources of the carbonate chimneys.
SubtypeArticle
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences
DOI10.1007/s00367-016-0438-6
WOS Subject ExtendedGeology ; Oceanography
WOS KeywordGULF-OF-MEXICO ; EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN SEA ; FRESH-WATER ENVIRONMENTS ; ANOXIC MARINE-SEDIMENTS ; AUTHIGENIC CARBONATES ; ANAEROBIC OXIDATION ; COLD-SEEP ; MICROBIAL COMMUNITIES ; CONTINENTAL-SLOPE ; LIPID BIOMARKER
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary ; Oceanography
WOS IDWOS:000376258800002
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.giec.ac.cn/handle/344007/11443
Collection中国科学院广州能源研究所
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Guangzhou Inst Energy Convers, Key Lab Gas Hydrate, Guangzhou 510640, Guangdong, Peoples R China
2.Qingdao Inst Marine Geol, Minist Land & Resources, Key Lab Gas Hydrate, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
3.Guangzhou Marine Geol Survey, Guangzhou 510760, Guangdong, Peoples R China
4.Shanghai Ocean Univ, Coll Marine Sci, Hadal Sci & Technol Res Ctr, Shanghai 201306, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Guan, Hongxiang,Zhang, Mei,Mao, Shengyi,et al. Methane seepage in the Shenhu area of the northern South China Sea: constraints from carbonate chimneys[J]. GEO-MARINE LETTERS,2016,36(3):175-186.
APA Guan, Hongxiang,Zhang, Mei,Mao, Shengyi,Wu, Nengyou,Lu, Hongfeng,&Chen, Duofu.(2016).Methane seepage in the Shenhu area of the northern South China Sea: constraints from carbonate chimneys.GEO-MARINE LETTERS,36(3),175-186.
MLA Guan, Hongxiang,et al."Methane seepage in the Shenhu area of the northern South China Sea: constraints from carbonate chimneys".GEO-MARINE LETTERS 36.3(2016):175-186.
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