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Homogeneous synthesis and characterization of polyacrylamide-grafted cationic cellulose flocculants
Zhang, Hairong1,2; Guo, Haijun1,2; Wang, Bo1,2; Xiong, Lian1,2,3; Shi, Silan1,2,3; Chen, Xinde1,2
2016-04-10
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE
Volume133Issue:14
AbstractIn this work, cationic cellulose (CC) with different degrees of substitution (DS) was successfully synthesized by the reaction between cellulose and 3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl-trimethylammonium chloride (CHPTAC) in a 7 wt % NaOH and 12 wt % urea aqueous solution. The structure of the CC was characterized by using elemental analysis, H-1-NMR, and FTIR. The DS values of CC ranged between 0.18 and 0.50, which could be obtained by adjusting the reaction temperature, reaction time, and molar ratio of CHPTAC to anhydroglucose unit of cellulose. The cationic cellulose-graft-polyacrylamide flocculant (CC-g-PAM) based on CC and polyacrylamide (PAM) was also synthesized in a homogeneous aqueous solution. The flocculation characteristics of CC and CC-g-PAM were evaluated in a kaolin suspension. The results showed that CC-g-PAM was an effective flocculant for the kaolin suspension under acidic or neutral conditions, and the flocculation efficiency was over 90%, while the CC showed better flocculation performance under alkaline conditions. (c) 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2016, 133, 43106.
SubtypeArticle
KeywordBiomaterials Cellulose And Other Wood Products Synthesis And Processing
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences
DOI10.1002/app.43106
WOS Subject ExtendedPolymer Science
WOS KeywordHYDROXYPROPYL METHYL CELLULOSE ; NAOH/UREA AQUEOUS-SOLUTIONS ; CARBOXYMETHYL CELLULOSE ; POLYSACCHARIDES ; ACRYLAMIDE ; CHLORIDE ; STARCH ; EFFICIENT ; CHITOSAN
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS SubjectPolymer Science
WOS IDWOS:000367915800003
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.giec.ac.cn/handle/344007/10951
Collection中国科学院广州能源研究所
集成技术研发中心
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Guangzhou Inst Energy Convers, Key Lab Renewable Energy, Guangzhou 510640, Guangdong, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Guangzhou Inst Energy Convers, R&D Ctr Xuyi Attapulgite Appl Technol, Xuyi 211700, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationGuangZhou Institute of Energy Conversion,Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Hairong,Guo, Haijun,Wang, Bo,et al. Homogeneous synthesis and characterization of polyacrylamide-grafted cationic cellulose flocculants[J]. JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE,2016,133(14).
APA Zhang, Hairong,Guo, Haijun,Wang, Bo,Xiong, Lian,Shi, Silan,&Chen, Xinde.(2016).Homogeneous synthesis and characterization of polyacrylamide-grafted cationic cellulose flocculants.JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE,133(14).
MLA Zhang, Hairong,et al."Homogeneous synthesis and characterization of polyacrylamide-grafted cationic cellulose flocculants".JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE 133.14(2016).
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