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Synthesis of three-dimensionally ordered macroporous LaFeO3 perovskites and their performance for chemical-looping reforming of methane
He Fang1; Zhao Kun1,2; Huang Zhen1; Li Xin'ai1; Wei Guoqiang1,2; Li Haibin1
2013-06-01
Source PublicationCHINESE JOURNAL OF CATALYSIS
Volume34Issue:6Pages:1242-1249
AbstractThree-dimensionally ordered macroporous (3DOM) LaFeO3 perovskite-type oxides were synthesized using a polystyrene colloidal crystal templating method. The obtained 3DOM LaFeO3 was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The reactivity of the perovskite-type oxides was evaluated using temperature-programmed reduction and multicyclic redox reactions by exposing them to an alternating methane and air atmosphere. The methane oxidation performance of the oxides was investigated in a fixed-bed reactor. The effect of the self-assembly method on the structure of the polystyrene template was also studied. A vertical deposition method yielded a more uniform and orderly polystyrene template than those obtained by centrifugation and evaporation techniques. The solvent and concentration of the precursor solution were the major factors to affect the prepared 3DOM perovskite. SEM analysis showed that samples synthesized with ethanol precursor solvent exhibited a better 3DOM structure than those produced with ethylene glycol, and that 1.0 mol/L may be an optimal precursor solution concentration. XRD and FTIR results suggested that the obtained 3DOM LaFeO3 was pure crystalline perovskite. Two kinds of oxygen species were found to exist on the 3DOM perovskites: surface adsorbed oxygen and bulk lattice oxygen. The surface oxygen contributed to the complete oxidization of methane to CO2 and H2O because of its higher reactivity, while the bulk lattice oxygen tended towards partial methane oxidation to H-2 and CO. The available oxygen in the 3DOM LaFeO3 was higher than that of the same mass of non-3DOM LaFeO3 during the partial oxidation of methane. Methane was partially oxidized into syngas with a H-2/CO ratio of around 2:1 in a wide time range of the reactions. The generated H-2/CO = 2 syngas was suitable for subsequent gas-to-liquids processes, such as Fischer-Tropsch and/or methanol synthesis. (c) 2013, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
SubtypeArticle
KeywordThree-dimensionally Ordered Macroporous Lafeo3 Perovskite Oxygen Carrier Synthesis Gas Chemical-looping Reforming Methane
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences ; Technology
DOI10.1016/S1872-2067(12)60563-4
WOS Subject ExtendedChemistry ; Engineering
WOS KeywordSYNTHESIS GAS GENERATION ; COMPLEX OXIDE CATALYSTS ; DIESEL SOOT COMBUSTION ; MIXED-METAL OXIDES ; OXYGEN CARRIERS ; REACTOR ; HYDROGEN ; FE2O3 ; NIO
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS SubjectChemistry, Applied ; Chemistry, Physical ; Engineering, Chemical
WOS IDWOS:000320747400024
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.giec.ac.cn/handle/344007/9134
Collection中国科学院广州能源研究所
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Guangzhou Inst Energy Convers, Key Lab Renewable Energy & Gas Hydrate, Guangzhou 510640, Guangdong, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationGuangZhou Institute of Energy Conversion,Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
He Fang,Zhao Kun,Huang Zhen,et al. Synthesis of three-dimensionally ordered macroporous LaFeO3 perovskites and their performance for chemical-looping reforming of methane[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF CATALYSIS,2013,34(6):1242-1249.
APA He Fang,Zhao Kun,Huang Zhen,Li Xin'ai,Wei Guoqiang,&Li Haibin.(2013).Synthesis of three-dimensionally ordered macroporous LaFeO3 perovskites and their performance for chemical-looping reforming of methane.CHINESE JOURNAL OF CATALYSIS,34(6),1242-1249.
MLA He Fang,et al."Synthesis of three-dimensionally ordered macroporous LaFeO3 perovskites and their performance for chemical-looping reforming of methane".CHINESE JOURNAL OF CATALYSIS 34.6(2013):1242-1249.
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