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Active control of flow and heat transfer in silicon microchannels
Liu, Guohua1; Xu, Jinliang1; Yang, Yongping2; Zhang, Andwei2
2010-04-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF MICROMECHANICS AND MICROENGINEERING
ISSN0960-1317
Volume20Issue:4Pages:16
Contribution Rank[Liu, Guohua; Xu, Jinliang] Chinese Acad Sci, Guangzhou Inst Energy Convers, Micro Energy Syst Lab, Guangzhou 510640, Peoples R China; [Yang, Yongping; Zhang, Andwei] N China Elect Power Univ, Beijing Key Lab New & Renewable Energy, Beijing 102206, Peoples R China
Corresponding Authorxjl@ncepu.edu.cn ; yyp@ncepu.edu.cn
AbstractBoiling heat transfer in silicon microchannels needs high walls and liquid superheats for bubble nucleation, leading to a strong thermal non-equilibrium between vapor and liquid phases, which not only damages the heat transfer device at the start-up stage, but also causes two-phase flow instabilities. In this paper, the seed bubble technique is used as an active control strategy to improve the flow and heat transfer in silicon microchannels. Seed bubbles are miniature bubbles of micron size, which are produced on a set of microheaters upstream of microchannels driven by pulse voltage signal. They flow downstream of microchannels after they depart from microheaters to decrease and control the thermal non-equilibrium between vapor and liquid phases in microchannels. The working fluid was methanol and the hydraulic diameter of the microchannels was 100 mu m. The demand curves of pressure drops versus mass fluxes were examined with and without active control. Four regions (I, II, III and IV) of demand curves were identified. For the flow without active control, the four regions were the subcooled liquid flow, the superheated liquid flow, the unstable boiling flow and the vapor flow at high-vapor-mass qualities. Alternatively, for the flow with active control, the four regions were the subcooled liquid flow, the seed-bubble-triggered boiling flow, the seed-bubble-stabilized boiling flow and the vapor flow at high-vapor-mass qualities. The linear part of the demand curves is shortened when the seed bubble technique is used. The points at which the demand curves deviate from the linear part coincide into one point at different seed bubble frequencies. The seed bubbles have no influence on the subcooled liquid flow (region I) and the vapor flow at high-vapor-mass qualities (region IV). However, seed bubbles not only convert a superheated liquid flow into a quasi-stable boiling flow in region II, but also convert an unstable boiling flow into a quasi-stable boiling flow in region III. Besides, heat transfer coefficients with active control are several times those without active control in regions II and III. The higher the seed bubble frequencies, the more the heater surface temperatures decrease.
SubtypeArticle
Other AbstractBoiling heat transfer in silicon microchannels needs high walls and liquid superheats for bubble nucleation, leading to a strong thermal non-equilibrium between vapor and liquid phases, which not only damages the heat transfer device at the start-up stage, but also causes two-phase flow instabilities. In this paper, the seed bubble technique is used as an active control strategy to improve the flow and heat transfer in silicon microchannels. Seed bubbles are miniature bubbles of micron size, which are produced on a set of microheaters upstream of microchannels driven by pulse voltage signal. They flow downstream of microchannels after they depart from microheaters to decrease and control the thermal non-equilibrium between vapor and liquid phases in microchannels. The working fluid was methanol and the hydraulic diameter of the microchannels was 100 mu m. The demand curves of pressure drops versus mass fluxes were examined with and without active control. Four regions (I, II, III and IV) of demand curves were identified. For the flow without active control, the four regions were the subcooled liquid flow, the superheated liquid flow, the unstable boiling flow and the vapor flow at high-vapor-mass qualities. Alternatively, for the flow with active control, the four regions were the subcooled liquid flow, the seed-bubble-triggered boiling flow, the seed-bubble-stabilized boiling flow and the vapor flow at high-vapor-mass qualities. The linear part of the demand curves is shortened when the seed bubble technique is used. The points at which the demand curves deviate from the linear part coincide into one point at different seed bubble frequencies. The seed bubbles have no influence on the subcooled liquid flow (region I) and the vapor flow at high-vapor-mass qualities (region IV). However, seed bubbles not only convert a superheated liquid flow into a quasi-stable boiling flow in region II, but also convert an unstable boiling flow into a quasi-stable boiling flow in region III. Besides, heat transfer coefficients with active control are several times those without active control in regions II and III. The higher the seed bubble frequencies, the more the heater surface temperatures decrease.
KeywordParallel Microchannels Boiling Instabilities
Subject AreaEngineering ; Science & Technology - Other Topics ; Instruments & Instrumentation ; Materials Science ; Mechanics
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Technology
DOI10.1088/0960-1317/20/4/045006
WOS Subject ExtendedEngineering ; Science & Technology - Other Topics ; Instruments & Instrumentation ; Materials Science ; Mechanics
URL查看原文
WOS KeywordPARALLEL MICROCHANNELS ; BOILING INSTABILITIES
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China [50825603]
WOS SubjectEngineering, Electrical & Electronic ; Nanoscience & Nanotechnology ; Instruments & Instrumentation ; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary ; Mechanics
WOS IDWOS:000275841800007
Citation statistics
Cited Times:16[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.giec.ac.cn/handle/344007/8508
Collection中国科学院广州能源研究所
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Guangzhou Inst Energy Convers, Micro Energy Syst Lab, Guangzhou 510640, Peoples R China
2.N China Elect Power Univ, Beijing Key Lab New & Renewable Energy, Beijing 102206, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Guohua,Xu, Jinliang,Yang, Yongping,et al. Active control of flow and heat transfer in silicon microchannels[J]. JOURNAL OF MICROMECHANICS AND MICROENGINEERING,2010,20(4):16.
APA Liu, Guohua,Xu, Jinliang,Yang, Yongping,&Zhang, Andwei.(2010).Active control of flow and heat transfer in silicon microchannels.JOURNAL OF MICROMECHANICS AND MICROENGINEERING,20(4),16.
MLA Liu, Guohua,et al."Active control of flow and heat transfer in silicon microchannels".JOURNAL OF MICROMECHANICS AND MICROENGINEERING 20.4(2010):16.
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