Guan Hongxiang1; Chen Linying2; Luo Min3; Liu Lihua1; Mao Shengyi1; Ge Huangmin2; Zhang Mei1; Fang Jiasong2; Chen Duofu3
Source Publicationgeosciencefrontiers
AbstractThe surface sediments collected from the southern Mariana Trench at water depths between ca. 4900m and 7068m were studied using lipid biomarker analyses to reveal the origin and distribution of organic matters. For all samples, an unresolved complex mixture (UCM) was present in the hydrocarbon fractions, wherein resistant component tricyclic terpanes were detected but C 27 –C 29 regular steranes and hopanes indicative of a higher molecular weight range of petroleum were almost absent. This biomarker distribution patterns suggested that the UCM and tricyclic terpanes may be introduced by contamination of diesel fuels or shipping activities and oil seepage elsewhere. The well-developed faults and strike-slip faults in the Mariana subduction zone may serve as passages for the petroleum hydrocarbons. In addition, the relative high contents of even n -alkanes and low Carbon Preference Indices indicated that the n -alkanes were mainly derived from bacteria or algae. For GDGTs, the predominance of GDGT-0 and crenarchaeol, together with low GDGT-0 n -alkanes C 19 –C 22 and the n -fatty acids C 20:0 –C 22:0 were depleted in 13 C by 3‰ compared to n -alkanes C 16 –C 18 and the n -fatty acids C 14:0 –C 18:0 , respectively, which was interpreted to result from the preferential reaction of fatty acid fragments with carbon “lighter” terminal carboxyl groups during carbon chain elongation from the precursors to products. The abundance of total alkanes, carboxylic acids, alcohols and total lipids were generally increased along the down-going seaward plate, suggesting the lateral organic matter inputs play an important role in organic matter accumulation in hadal trenches. The extremely high contents of biomarkers in sample BC11 were most likely related to trench topography and current dynamics, since the lower steepness caused by graben texture and proximity to the trench axis may result in higher sedimentation rate. This paper, for the first time, showed the biomarker patterns in surface sediments of the Mariana Trench and shed light on biogeochemistry of the hardly reached trench environment.
Document Type期刊论文
First Author AffilicationGuangZhou Institute of Energy Conversion,Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Guan Hongxiang,Chen Linying,Luo Min,et al. compositionandoriginoflipidbiomarkersinthesurfacesedimentsfromthesouthernchallengerdeepmarianatrench[J]. geosciencefrontiers,2019,10(1):351.
APA Guan Hongxiang.,Chen Linying.,Luo Min.,Liu Lihua.,Mao Shengyi.,...&Chen Duofu.(2019).compositionandoriginoflipidbiomarkersinthesurfacesedimentsfromthesouthernchallengerdeepmarianatrench.geosciencefrontiers,10(1),351.
MLA Guan Hongxiang,et al."compositionandoriginoflipidbiomarkersinthesurfacesedimentsfromthesouthernchallengerdeepmarianatrench".geosciencefrontiers 10.1(2019):351.
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